When the first ray of dawn in the morning sheds, as usual, from the large village of God in Tianjin, "Tianjin's last fishing village" has no hustle and bustle – in the fishing port, a lot of fishing boats stay in the sea quietly.
Dashentang Village is an administrative village lying in the most eastern part of Tianjin, and is located in the Zhaishang Street, Tianjin Binhai New Area, with 500 years of history. It is the place where the first ray sheds Tianjin as well as the last fishing village in Tianjin.
In order to protect the marine fishery resources and to improve the living conditions of the fishermen, in the middle of 2016, a demolition and relocation work that has been discussed repeatedly for two years started. An era for villagers to use the homestead to get apartments and the subsidy policies recently starts in Hangu urban area.
Recently, when the reporter drove into the village, demolition sites covered with green nets can be seen everywhere. According Liu Enli, Director of the Zhaishang Street Office that the village has a household population of about 2,200 people, with per capita annual income of about 15,000 yuan, so the village is included in the shantytowns transformation, in Binhai New Area, and the villagers have completed more than 95% of the demolition and relocation work.
"Sea fishing is very hard, and the average annual income of each boat is just sixty or seventy thousand yuan, so young people all choose to go out to work, and they do not want to do this job," said Jiang Moguo, secretary of Dashengtang Village party branch.
But for a lot of fishermen who work for ten years or even decades, they can leave hometown, but they cannot be separated from the ocean for a moment. Deputy Secretary of Daishentang Village party branch Liu Guangguang told reporters that the village still has three or four hundred fishermen.
Now it is the fishing season, and on the day when the reporter went there, the Bohai Bay high tide time was about two o’clock in the afternoon. When standing in the port of Shengtang, the reporter saw mighty return of blue wooden boats of the village.
Fisherman Liu Kuanwei came back earlier, and when his ship just stopped onshore, buyers who have contacted in advance weighed and loaded the seafood. This day marked a "harvest" with a total of 400 kilos of conches, crabs and fish, which were sold for more than 5,000 yuan. But when asking about the life of natural fishing, Liu Guangwei whose family has relied on fishing for their whole life said: "It is not easy." He told reporters that the "harvest" is not fixed every time, and nets are allocated under the sea are for "enclosure of water", so we need to seize the initiative to get harvest.
With the reduction of marine resources and the aging of village households, the local government began to guide the transformation of fishermen through urbanization. In addition to moving to the new housing, villagers can also get the compensation, so most of the villagers are willing to move, "Now though we have no problem, we cannot rely on the compensation for a lifetime," Jiang Maoguo said. They still need to find a new way out.
In fact, although it is the last fishing village in Tianjin, the "transformation" is what villagers in Dashengtang Village have been doing for decades.
The first transformation began in the mid-80s of last century, according to Jiang Maoguo, after the reform and opening up, fishing boats were contracted by individuals. The village ships grew from 5 in the 70's, to nearly 200 currently. Many villagers earn money through hard fishing work, but over-fishing and marine pollution and other issues also follow
In the government continuous efforts to improve the fishing system and vigorously protection over the marine environment at the same time, seafood large-scale farming became the second transformation of the village in 2000 or so. Jiang Maoguo told reporters that in 1998, his farm was established. From the development of fishing to developed fishes, the annual output value has reached more than 20 million yuan. Many young people work in several farms and fishing net factories in the village, with decent income. But with the rising costs and the decline in fish prices, aquaculture also encountered a bottleneck–the output value of Jiang Maoguo’s farms in 2016 was only less than 4 million yuan.
With the advance of the relocation work, the villagers have moved away from the land where generations have lived for more than 500 years, and the Dashengtang Village once again went to an intersection of transformation.
By the end of 2015, the Ministry of Agriculture announced the list for the first batch of state-level marine ranch demonstration areas, and the Dashengtang Marine Pasture was on the list. It plans to use the central special transfer payment funds of 23 million yuan, coupled with municipal coordinated fund of 1 million yuan, and the implementation of construction of artificial reefs.
Liu Enli told reporters that the marine pasture will cover 60 square kilometers after its completion. In addition, Zhaishang Street is also planning a characteristic fishery sightseeing town for overall tourism development.
"I think that our way out today is still in the sea, and as long as we can use this scarce resource, lives of indigenous fishermen living here for generations will be better," Jiang Maoguo said.